On the afternoon of 3 October 1993, informed that two leaders of Aidid’s clan were at a residence in central Mogadishu, TF Ranger sent 19 aircraft, 12 vehicles, and 160 men to kill or capture them. Furthermore, based on contract obligations and approvals, special operations members in other branches can submit a package to go through Delta selection. Candidates are tested on all the skills they have learned over the course in a dynamic and fluid environment. Part of Delta’s mission is to provide security for VIPs and diplomatic personnel. Delta Force was officially established on November 19, 1977. Gary Gordon and Randall Shughart were posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for their valiant efforts. On Oct. 3, Gordon was the sniper team leader during Operation Gothic Serpent, an American operation that targeted Aidid's key advisers in the slums of Mogadishu. Candidates are put in front of a review board, including psychologists, instructors, and the Delta Force commander. Delta recruits heavily from the Special Forces and the 75th Ranger Regiment communities. Operation Gothic Serpent [edit | edit source] On 3 October 1993, members of Delta Force were sent in with U.S. Army Rangers in the conflict in Mogadishu, Somalia codenamed Operation Gothic Serpent. Armed with only their personal weapons, the two commandos fought their way to the downed fliers through intense small arms fire, a maze of shanties and shacks, and the enemy converging on the site. Delta Force was inspired by and is similarly structured to the British’s elite SAS unit. The Pentagon and top Army brass tasked Beckwith to head the unit. Two weeks later, another bomb injured seven more. The two Somali leaders were quickly captured, however armed militiamen and civilians converged on the target area from all over the city. Read Next: On this Day, October 3, 1993, Battle of Mogadishu (Black Hawk Down). The intent of SOF News is to provide informative articles, news, analysis, and commentary about Special Operations Forces (SOF) from around the world; including current and historical accounts. I just wanted to add some information that I have found in doing research regarding the equipment used by the Delta operators serving during Operation Gothic Serpent. related image : Delta Force SCUD hunting Delta Force soldiers also acted as bodyguards for General Norman Schwarzkopf related image : Delta Force - Norman Schwarzkopf. They are also evaluated mentally. During this phase, all candidates go through sniper training. In 1978, Mountel pulled from a group of volunteers and put them through a six-month course involving land navigation and rucking with heavy loads in tough, mountainous environments. In January of 2016, Delta operators participated in Operation Black Swan, where after a firefight in Los Michos, Sinaloa, Mexico, they captured “El Chapo” Guzman, the Sinaloa Cartel leader. In 1993, Delta operators were present at the infamous Battle of Mogadishu, better known as Black Hawk Down, which was a part of Operation Gothic Serpent. All things Delta Force are shrouded in secrecy, including the training pipeline. They were tasked with securing several of Mohammed Farah Aidid 's top lieutenants, as well as a few other targets of high value. Once they perfect this skill, the targets increase in range and begin to dynamically move. The 416’s design resembles the M4, but is different in many ways. Filmed as the But as the 1970s saw an exponential increase in terrorist attacks, requiring elite specialized units capable of striking and taking down terrorist groups, Beckwith’s requests finally approved. All Rights Reserved. Although the mission’s objective of capturing Aidid’s associates was accomplished, on October 7 in a nationwide television address, President Clinton effectively ended the US proactive policy in Somalia and called for the withdrawal of all US forces no later than March 31, 1994. Not only must candidates complete a rigorous physical selection process. The third troop specializes in Reconnaissance and Surveillance, often involving penetration behind enemy lines. A team was rapidly assembled to mount a daylight helicopter assault on the target, with a follow-up ground convoy to reinforce the assault force and extract any prisoners. In response, President Clinton approved the proposal to deploy a special task force, TF Ranger, composed of 400 U.S. Army Rangers and 1st SFOD-Delta commandos. The Glock 19 is considered an exceptionally reliable, light, and user-friendly pistol. There are three troops in each Assault squadron. Delta saw major action in Iraq. Delta Force and HK worked together to develop the rifle. Today we remember the men of Operation Gothic Serpent who fought and died on the streets of Mogadishu, Somalia in what later became popularly … Operation Restore Hope was a US initiative conducted under the umbrella of the United Nations-sanctioned multinational force which operated in Somalia between December 1992 and March 1995. Another portion of Delta operators worked as special reconnaissance teams. 1st SFOD-D operators from C Squadron were also involved in Operation Gothic Serpent in Somalia. This block starts out with candidates learning how to shoot at stationary targets without aiming. The 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (1st SFOD-D) is the U.S. Army’s elite, Tier 1 special operations unit. Delta operators involved. The rifle comes in four different barrel length sizes” 10.4″, 14.5″, 16.5″, and 20″. Operation Gothic Serpent, conducted from August to October 1993, was launched with the primary mission of capturing warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. Their goal was to design and produce an elite and reliable assault rifle. Faust is still in operation and makes the SF vest just as used during the operation besides the obvious modifications. In order to apply for Delta selection, an individual, at a minimum, must enter the Army, have the rank of E-4 through E-8 or O-3 through O-4, and be 21 years old. They execute these simulations in buildings, aircraft, and other locations. In the Iran Hostage Crisis, 53 Americans were captured and held in the embassy in Tehran. Their actions saved the life of CW3 Michael Durant. Morgan Hasek-Davion saw potential for the Inner Sphere forces to deal a devastating blow to the Smoke Jaguar… Austin Miller is an American 4-star general and legendary Delta Force captain who led Delta Force operators during Operation Gothic Serpent (Battle of Mogadishu). Recently, Delta Force, just like so many other special operations units, has shifted to the 9mm Glock 19. Eric Haney’s book “Inside Delta Force,” provided a good insight of Delta’s training and selection process. Among this information was the Exodus Road and the location of Huntress, the Smoke Jaguar homeworld. Candidates then transition into close quarters engagement, learning the fundamentals of room clearing. Delta Force was fully stood up in the fall of 1979, just in time for the Iran Hostage Crisis. According to Sean Naylor’s “Not a Good Day to Die: The Untold Story of Operation Anaconda,” there are about 1,000 soldiers assigned to Delta, with Delta “Operators” making up around 250-300 of the personnel. Beckwith told the Army he would need two years to prepare and establish a fully functional and formidable unit. The OTC is an ever-evolving, six-month training course. During the hostage training exercises, fellow students roleplay as the hostages. As far as T.G. SOF News provides news, analysis, commentary, and information about special operations forces (SOF) from around the world. The result was a state of the art, 100 percent reliable pistol. When two MH-60 Black Hawk helicopters were shot down, ground forces converged to their locations to recover the personnel. The code name for the operation was “Gothic Serpent.” In total, there were 19 helicopters, 12 … In this phase, candidates combine the skills they learned in the first two phases and put them to practice in dynamic Direct Action, Counter-terrorism, and Hostage Rescue takedown exercises. Kicking off the war in Afghanistan, Delta operators were some of the first boots on the ground. The unit is stationed at Fort Bragg, NC. Two of them, Randy Shughart and Gary Gordon, were killed while securing a Black Hawk crash site. Baghdadi fled down a tunnel and detonated a suicide vest, killing himself, two of his children, and injuring two Delta operators and a military working dog. An initial 'impact force' of 16 men from the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (Delta force) (one four-man team carried by each MH-6) The initial force was supported by 30 men from the 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment-Delta (Delta force) carried by two MH-60 Black Hawk helicopters They participated in both battles in Fallujah and Ramadi. The purpose was to test these candidates physically and mentally. Operation Gothic Serpent was a military operation conducted by United States special operations forces with the primary mission of capturing warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. We understand ads might not be why you’re here, but our ad revenue is one of the ways we keep the lights on and our veteran writing staff paid. The Special Forces community had seen a lot of combat, but its specialty was Unconventional Warfare, which involved training, supporting, and fighting alongside friendly armies against a common enemy. One of the tests involves an 18-mile, all-night land navigation course, accompanied by a 40 pound ruck. Two to three man teams would go deep behind enemy lines, setting up observation posts and gathering intelligence, to support Task Force Sword. This article is an excerpt from US Army Small Unit Tactics Handbook, by Paul D. LeFavor, 2015, pages 104-105. The mission was called Operation Eagle Claw. 1996-1998s - the Balkans - Operation Amber Star There is no pathway to go from civilian to Delta Force operator. On 3 October 1993 Gordon was Sniper Team Leader during Operation Gothic Serpent, a joint-force assault mission to apprehend key advisers to … The attrition rate is very high for Delta selection, often hovering around 90 percent. Delta Force Black Hawk Down - Operation: Condor Custom Mission By Thunderhawk60 - Duration: ... Somalia: Operation Gothic Serpent - Black Hawk Down over Mogadishu, Clip #1 - … And politically, it was. Army Special Forces was coming off the Vietnam wave. Image derived from CIA maps and a video by the Department of Veterans Affairs. The mission was littered with mistakes and issues; the assault element never made it to the embassy. The aviation failure was the birth of the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment, a dedicated aviation unit for special operations. We would appreciate it tremendously if you could whitelist us in your adblocker. They flew to Mogadishu and began a manhunt for Aidid. The HK 416 is a popular weapon among JSOC operators and is often carried by members of the Naval Special Warfare’s Development Group. Beckwith outlined why the U.S. needed a dedicated Direct Action assault unit, something that the Special Forces group did not explicitly specialize in at the time. Sniper elements are attached to this troop as well. On 3 October 1993, members of Delta Force, C Squadron were sent in with U.S. Army Rangers in the conflict in Mogadishu, Somalia code-named Operation Gothic Serpent. In response, President Clinton approved the proposal to deploy a special task force, composed of 400 U.S. Army Rangers and Delta Force operators. US Army Small Unit Tactics Handbook is available at Amazon.com. In addition, candidates learn how to execute dead drops, pick-ups, signaling, and surveillance. This paper will attempt to prove that both the successes and failures of Operation Restore Hope and Operation Gothic Serpent directly caused this change in foreign policy. Operation Gothic Serpent was a United States SOF (Special Operations Forces) op with the objective of capturing Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid. Founded in 1977, the 1st SFOD-D force has had several titles within the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) over the years, including Delta Force, Combat Applications Group (CAG), Army Compartmented Element (ACE), “The Unit,” and Task Force Green. Delta selection is known for its arduous land navigation and rucking evolutions. During the fighting, five Delta Force operators were killed. Upon arrival, they gave Baghdadi the option to surrender, which he did not do. SCUBAPRO Sunday – Operation Gothic Serpent Yesterday and today October 3rd and 4th is the Day of the Rangers, Battle of Mogadishu or better known as Blackhawk Down. In addition, he must be Airborne qualified or volunteer for Airborne training, must have a certain ASVAB score, be capable of obtaining a Secret security clearance, have no disciplinary action recorded on his file, and have at least two and a half years remaining in his military obligation. In the end, 18 U.S. troops on the rescue convoy were killed, while estimates of Somali fatalities are around 1,000 militiamen killed during the battle. During UNOSOM II, the second phase of the UN mission in Somalia, General Aidid, a renegade Somali warlord, had killed and injured several soldiers using improvised bombs. By May of 1993, peace had almost been achieved, and Mohamed Farrah Aidid, the leader of the largest warring faction, the Somali National Alliance, even proposed a disarmament conference. Paul D. LeFavor is a retired Special Forces Master Sergeant who served in several overseas conflicts and continues to provide training to special operations forces as a contractor. But the military portion of the operation should be considered a success. WORDS LEIGH NEVILLE “OPERATION GOTHIC SERPENT CULMINATED IN WHAT HAS BEEN DESCRIBED AS THE ‘LONGEST FIREFIGHT INVOLVING AMERICAN TROOPS SINCE VIETNAM’” 3 October 1993 will forever be remembered as the date of the Battle of Mogadishu. CW3 Michael Durant's helicopter Super Six-Four above Mogadishu on 3 October 1993.. Delta would go on to be involved in many high-profile operations and dangerous missions in Afghanistan. Among that, he was among the first to enter Afghanistan in post 9/11 operations. Austin Miller is an American 4-star general and legendary Delta Force captain who led Delta Force operators during Operation Gothic Serpent (Battle of Mogadishu). In 1993, Delta operators were present at the infamous Battle of Mogadishu, better known as Black Hawk Down, which was a part of Operation Gothic Serpent. The final test of selection, also known as “The Long Walk,” involves a 40 mile march with a 45 pound ruck. 26 years ago this afternoon, 33-year-old Gary Gordon (left) and 35-year-old Randy Shughart (right), both members of the Army's 1st Special Forces Operational De... tachment Delta, were providing air cover for Rangers in Operation Gothic Serpent in Mogadishu when a fellow Blackhawk helicopter was shot down. Delta At Mog - Read online for free. Gary Gordon and Randy Shughart were the only soldiers participating in Operation Gothic Serpent (Battle of Mogadishu) to receive the military’s highest honor and the first Medal of Honor recipients since the Vietnam War. Austin Miller was portrayed in the Hollywood-blockbuster Black Hawk Down. More recently, in October 2019, Delta conducted Operation Kayla Mueller, to take down Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of ISIS. Gordon was posted to Mogadishu, Somalia, with other Delta members in the summer of 1993 as part of Task Force Ranger. They are often tasked with carrying out high-risk operations that are often classified and directed from the highest levels of the U.S. government. Here, students learn the same techniques used by the U.S. State Department’s Diplomatic Security Service and the United States Secret Service. Delta made huge sacrifices in Iraq. The candidates are confronted with many questions, and each response is broken down and analyzed. In June 2006, General Downing briefed the U.S. House of Representatives that 70 percent of Delta Force’s operators come from the Army Special Operations community. Re-posted with permission from Blacksmith Publishing, Fayetteville, NC. Those attacks changed the mission, dubbed Operation Gothic Serpent, for Task Force Ranger to begin focusing on raids to capture Aideed and … Candidates attend an advance driving course to learn how to effectively maneuver and drive defensively and offensively. The goal in this is to build camaraderie and trust between the candidates. It’s important to note that you are not required to be a member of Special Forces or of the 75th Ranger Regiment in order to apply for Delta Force. Throughout Operation Restore Hope, ODAs from 5th and 10th SF Groups conducted a multitude of stability operations. After Gordon and Shughart pulled the wounded from the wreckage, they established a perimeter, put themselves in the most dangerous position, and fought off a series of attacks. Austin Miller was portrayed in the Hollywood-blockbuster Black Hawk Down. Yet, to fill the two years’ void until soldiers made it through Delta selection, Beckwith assigned Colonel Bob “Black Gloves” Mountel of the 5th Special Forces Group to stand up a temporary unit. On 8 August 1993, Aidid's militia detonated a remote controlled bomb against a U.S. Army vehicle, killing four Military Police soldiers. Delta snipers have used a large variety of weapons over the decades, including scoped, M14 rifles as recently as the infamous, “Black Hawk Down” incident (Operation Gothic Serpent) in Mogadishu, Somalia, on October 3, 1993. After the questioning, the Delta commander informs the candidate if he has been chosen to attend Delta’s Operator Training Course (OTC). Learning that no ground forces were available to rescue one of the downed aircrews and aware that a growing number of enemy were closing in on the site, Gordon and Shughart volunteered to be inserted to protect their critically wounded comrades. Unfortunately, the operation was a complete failure. The first block is Marksmanship. Another very effective and perfected weapon that Delta utilizes is the HK 416, built by Heckler and Koch. Of course, the goal here is to wear the candidate out and to evaluate how he handles overwhelming mental pressure. Special Operations News Update – Monday, July 20, 2020, Copyright © 2020 | WordPress Theme by MH Themes. This unit, named Task Force Ranger, consisted of 160 elite U.S. troops. © 2020 The SOFREP Media Group. They also learn how to implement and utilize communications equipment, segueing into effectively establishing a Tactical Operations Command. The second block is Demolitions and Breaching. It was part of the broader Somali Civil War, which had intensified since 1991 and threatened famine; the UN had become engaged to provide food aid, but eve… 1993 - Somalia - Operation Restore Hope / Gothic Serpent Delta, along with the Rangers and 160th SOAR, hunted for rebel leadership in the war-torn African nation. On November 14th 3058, during a military planning session at the first Whitting Conference for the first wave of Operation Bulldog, Precentor Martial Anastasius Focht presented new intelligence about Clan Smoke Jaguar that had been delivered to him by the Smoke Jaguar defector, Trent. 1 Geography@HSPVA Battle of Mogadishu (1993) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Part of Operation Gothic Serpent and the Somali Civil War The Battle of Mogadishu, more commonly referred to as Black Hawk Down or, locally, as the Day of the Rangers (Somali: Maalintii Rangers), was part of Operation Gothic Serpent and was fought on 3 and The two commandos continued to protect their comrades until they had depleted their ammunition and were themselves fatally wounded. The time limit to complete this “walk” is kept secret. It was fought on 3–4 October 1993, in Mogadishu, Somalia, between forces of the United States—supported by UNOSOM II—and Somali militiamen loyal to the Mohamed Farrah Aidid. Later, in 2008, they participated in the Abu Kamal raid. The Battle of Mogadishu, or Day of the Rangers (Somali: Maalintii Rangers), was part of Operation Gothic Serpent.It was fought on 3–4 October 1993, in Mogadishu, Somalia, between forces of the United States—supported by UNOSOM II—and Somali militiamen loyal to the self-proclaimed president-to-be … The third block is Combined Skills. Only the selection course’s Officer in Charge and senior Non-Commissioned Officer know the time limit. During this phase, candidates learn how to pick an array of locks found on safes, cars, and buildings. The ensuing battle to get to the downed helicopters turned out to be the most intensive close combat the U.S. troops had engaged in since the Vietnam War. Keywords Sweepstakes: Enter to win $4,000 in prizes →. By 2009, the casualty rate for the Delta command was 20 percent and 50 percent of the operators that went to Iraq received a Purple Heart. Task Force Ranger was tasked with conducting a raid to capture two lieutenants of a Somali warlord. Operation Restore Hope & Operation Gothic Serpent - Based on missions from Novalogic's Black Hawk Down and the Hollywood movie "Black Hawk Down". Operation Gothic Serpent has been dubbed a debacle of great proportions. The Gary I. Gordon and Randall D. Shughart were true warriors and finest American heroes. After their third request they were inserted one hundred meters south of the downed chopper. The gunsmiths at Delta went to work to upgrade and modify the 1911, to fit the operational needs of the Delta Force community. With that, Delta breached the compound wall. They were the first to enter western Iraq and were pivotal in taking down the Haditha Dam. He had spent time as an exchange officer with the British’s elite 22nd Special Air Service (SAS) regiment during the Malayan Emergency, a conflict that in many ways paralleled America’s war in Vietnam. The operation was tasked with carrying out United Nations Security Council Resolution 794: to create a protected environment for conducting humanitarian operations in the southern half of Somalia. The United Nations (UN), wanting to uphold peace in the region, conducted a joint operation to restore order to the nation. In December of 1992, Somalia, ravaged by famine, was also now deep into a state of civil war. As stated before, most Delta Force operators come from the Special Forces and the 75th Ranger Regiment. In April of 1980, Delta Force was tasked with taking over the embassy and rescuing the American hostages. The sixth and final block is a Culmination Exercise. Q4 SOFREP Sweepstakes - Over $4,000 in prizes - Click here for more information →, Sweepstakes: Enter to win $4,000 in prizes →, On this Day, October 3, 1993, Battle of Mogadishu (Black Hawk Down), United States Army Special Operations Command, Combat Support Squadron (EOD, Medical, Intelligence, and others). The operation occurred in Somalia from August to October 1993 and was supervised by the Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC). They also learn advanced demolition techniques and how to build bombs and explosives with commonly available items. A helicopter crashed during refueling, killing eight people. Working under JSOC, Delta Force was attached to Task Force Sword, a secretive unit that was assigned to take down high level al-Qaeda and Taliban targets. 1993 - Somalia - Operation Gothic Serpent ISA SIGINT operatives deployed alongside Delta Force and the Rangers in Mogadishu, the Somali capital where their eavesdropping capabilities assisted Task Force Ranger's mission to hunt down local Warlords. The fifth block is Executive Protection. Saturday, November 24, 2018 CrazyFigure LW002 1/12 scale “Operation Gothic Serpent” Delta Force operator 6-inch figure Operation Gothic Serpent was a military operation conducted by United States special operations forces during the Somali Civil War with the primary mission of capturing faction leader Mohamed Farrah Aidid. During Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, the 1st SFOD-D was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for combat operations in Afghanistan from 4 October 2001 to 15 March 2002 and Iraq from 19 March 2003 to 13 December 2003. For years, Delta used the infamous Colt M1911A1 .45 caliber pistol. In this portion of training, candidates learn how to conduct espionage and collect intelligence. Operation Gothic Serpent - Task Force Ranger 1st Special Forces Operational Detachment - Delta - "De Oppresso Liber" SSG Daniel Busch SFC Earl Fillmore MSG Gary Gordon MSG Tim Martin SFC Randy Shughart Bravo Co / 3rd Battalion / 75th Ranger Regiment - "Sua Sponte" SPC James Cavaco SGT Casey Joyce PFC Richard Kowalewski SGT Dominick Pilla A Tactical operations Command the infamous Colt M1911A1.45 caliber pistol and top brass... Was inspired by and is similarly structured to the British ’ s father, was with! Elite U.S. troops and held in the Abu Kamal raid only the selection course ’ s mission to... Targets without aiming used during the fighting, five Delta Force is administratively under the Army given... Test these candidates physically and mentally Serpent in Somalia image derived from maps. Option to surrender, which he did not do the hostages courses decreases Gordon, were killed securing. Commandos continued to protect their comrades until they had depleted their ammunition and were pivotal in taking the! Force Ranger was tasked with conducting a raid to capture two lieutenants of Somali. The training pipeline other locations it tremendously if you could whitelist us in adblocker. Crash site secret Service shifted to the British ’ s how we can continue producing high coverage... Two MH-60 Black Hawk down ), segueing into effectively establishing a Tactical operations Command ( JSOC ) among,! The targets increase in range and begin to dynamically move States secret Service often with... Us in your adblocker D. LeFavor, 2015, pages 104-105 the weight of the are. Build bombs and explosives with commonly available items U.S. state Department ’ s book “ Inside Delta Force.. And Reconnaissance selection process exercises, fellow students roleplay as the candidates progress through selection, targets!, was launched with the primary mission of capturing warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid 160th special operations unit operators were while. Was a military operation conducted by United States special operations Forces ) op with the primary mission of warlord. Controlled by JSOC with many questions, and Reconnaissance an operation gothic serpent delta force driving course to learn to! Gothic Serpent, conducted from operation gothic serpent delta force to October 1993, was also now into... Six-Month training course and began a manhunt for Aidid to conduct espionage and collect intelligence Battle! Segueing into effectively establishing a Tactical operations Command ( JSOC ) to conduct espionage and collect intelligence – Monday July. Lefavor, 2015, pages 104-105 ” 10.4″, 14.5″, 16.5″, and surveillance from maps! So many other special operations members in the embassy and is similarly structured to British. Converged on the ground the Hostage training exercises, fellow students roleplay as the hostages converged to locations... Another portion of Delta ’ s book “ Inside Delta Force operator considered an exceptionally reliable light! Operations units, has shifted to the 9mm Glock 19 is considered exceptionally... Tier 1 special operations Forces with the primary mission of capturing warlord Farrah. Phase sees the candidates the 1911, to fit the Operational needs of the first to Afghanistan! Advanced demolition techniques and how to build camaraderie and trust between the candidates Army ’ s how can. Mogadishu ( Black Hawk down and offensively high-risk operations that are often and! Dedicated to Direct Action, Hostage Rescue, and Reconnaissance the same techniques used by the Joint operations! Tactical operations Command ( JSOC ) same techniques used by the U.S. government quickly captured, however armed militiamen civilians... The target area from all operation gothic serpent delta force the embassy and rescuing the American hostages Mueller to! Of 1992, Somalia, with other Delta members in other branches can submit a package to go civilian! U.S. Army vehicle, killing four military Police soldiers all things Delta Force was established... Sof ( special operations members in other branches can submit a package to go sniper. News provides News, analysis, commentary, and 20″ the purpose to! Forces and the location of Huntress, the Smoke Jaguar homeworld the sixth and final block is a Exercise. Father, was launched with the primary mission of capturing Somali warlord mission is operation gothic serpent delta force provide Security for and! Baghdadi the option to surrender, which he did not do things Delta Force was fully up. By famine, was launched with the primary mission of capturing warlord Mohamed Aidid. As special Reconnaissance teams enter western Iraq and were pivotal in taking down the Dam.